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Trees of SN College Chempazhanthy:

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels.

Synonym: Myrtus cumini L.
Family Myrtaceae
Local Names: Njaval, Black plum, Jambol, Java plum

Flowering and fruiting: December – April

Distribution: Indo-Malaysia

Habitat: Evergreen forests, also in the plains

Uses: Fruits edible, timber yielding. The seeds and bark are well known for the treatment of dysentery and in the control of hyperglycaemia and glycosuria in diabetic patients. A coffee-like beverage is made from the dried and ground up seeds.

Key Characters: Black plums are medium sized trees; bark white, light pink inside. Leaves ovate, oblong, long-acuminate at apex, acute at base; nerves many, close, shining above. Panicles to 10 cm across, on leafless branchlets. Flowers, subsessile; calyx tube, turbinate. Fruit is a Berry, obovoid, deep blue.