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Trees of SN College Chempazhanthy:

Ficus benghalensis L.

Synonym: Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp.
Sub Family Moraceae
Local Names: Peraal, Benyan tree

Flowering and fruiting period: March – December

Distribution: Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree

Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains

Uses: Sacred Indian plant, Ayurvedic, fruits edible, remedy for tooth pain, bonsai material, ornamental. The leaves are used to remedy dysentery and diarrhoea. They are used in a decoction with toasted rice as a diaphoretic. The bark is tonic and diuretic. An infusion is antidiabetic and a decoction is used as an astringent in the treatment of leucorrhoea. The fruit is tonic and has a cooling effect.

Key Characters: Ficus benghalensis are spreading trees; aerial roots numerous from the branches. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female; tepals 2-3, brownish, glabrous; stamens 1; female flowers sesile; tepals 3-4, shortly connate, brownish, ovary superior; style erect or curved; gall flowers similar to female but pedicellate. Syconium - ripening orange to red.