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Trees of SN College Chempazhanthy:

Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.

Synonym: Cedrela mahagoni L.
Family Meliaceae
Local Names: Mahogany, West Indian mahogany

Flowering and fruiting: April – November

Distribution: Native of West Indies and Central America

Habitat: Grown as avenue tree

Uses: Timber yielding. The bark is astringent, bitter and febrifuge. An infusion is used to treat diarrhoea and fevers.

Key Characters: Trees to 25 m tall; bark deeply fissured. Leaves alternate; leaflets oblong-lanceolate, entire at margin. Calyx lobes 5, ovate, pubescent. Petals 5, obovate, hooded, cream-yellow. Staminal tube cupular, 10-lobed; anthers 10, included, alternating with lobes. Ovary 5-loculed; style narrow. Capsules oblong; seeds winged.