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Trees of SN College Chempazhanthy:

Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.

Synonym: Bignonia africana Lam., Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC., Crescentia pinnata Jacq.
Family Bignoniaceae
Local Names: Sivakundalam
English Names: Sausage tree

IUCN Status: Data deficient

Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree

Flowering and fruiting : Throughout the year

Endemic: No

Uses: Ornamental, anti-rheumatic, toxic plant

Distribution: Trees, to 15 m high. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite or three at a node, clustered towards the apex of branchlets, estipulate; rachis 14-30 cm long, stout, swollen at the base, glabrous; leaflets 5-9, opposite; petiolule of lateral leaflets 1-2 mm those of terminal leaflet 1-1.5 cm, stout, glabrous; lamina 6-16 ×3-7 cm, obovate, oblong, elliptic-oblong or obovate-oblong, base obliquely acute, round or cordate, apex obtuse and mucronate, margin entire, glabrous, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-11 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, in 20-40 cm long axillary pendulous panicles; calyx 3 × 1.5 cm, campanulate, 2-lipped; corolla 6 cm across, dark purple with yellow stripes, campanulate; tube 3.5 cm; lobes 5, 4 cm, broadly triangular-ovate; stamens 4; filaments ca. 4 cm long; anthers sagittate, 1 cm; ovary superior, 1 cm, 1-celled; style 10 cm long; stigma broadly ovate. Fruit 30-45 × 8-15 cm, muddy brown, scurfy flakes present, indehiscent. Distribution: Africa; introduced in the tropics as ornamental tree.