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Trees of SN College Chempazhanthy:

Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

Synonym: Erythrina monosperma Lam.
Sub Family Papilionoideae
Local Names: Brahmavriksham, Chamatha, Flame of the forest

Flowering and fruiting period: March – April

Distribution: Tropical Asia

Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also grown in the plains

Uses:Tannin source, dye yielding, fire wood, anti-helminthic. A powerful astringent, it is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and wounds. Nitrogen fixing, wind break, culturally significant, green manure, timber implements. The seeds contain around 18% oil called 'moodoga oil', it is an effective treatment for hookworms.

Key Characters: Flame of the forest is deciduous trees with bark grey to reyishbrown and exudation red. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; margin entire. Flowers bisexual, bright red; petals 5; stamens 9+1; stigma small. Fruit a pod, oblong, the base flat, wing-like; seed obovate, compressed Erythrina monosperma.